Low birthweight delivery: Prevalence and associated factors as seen at a tertiary health facility - HAA Ugboma, CN Onyearugha

Low birthweight delivery: Prevalence and associated factors as seen at a tertiary health facility
By -
HAA Ugboma  (Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State)
and CN Onyearugha (Pediatrics, Abia State University Teaching Hospital Aba, Abia State, Nigeria)

Background: Low birth weight deliveries are major causes of a huge health burden on poor economies around the globe. It is even more worrisome in developing countries.
Materials and Methods: The obstetric records of all low birth weight (LBW) deliveries were reviewed from 1st June 2005 to 30th May 2009.
Results: The prevalence of LBW deliveries was 8.3%. Of the LBW babies, 68.4% were preterm, 53.6% were small for gestational age (SGA) and 12.6% were products of multiple gestations. Predominant factors associated with LBW delivery included nulliparity, low parities (1 and 2), parturient aged 25‑35 years (80.6%), hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and short birth spacing (84.4%).
Conclusion: Most LBW babies were preterm delivered by low parity parturient aged 25-35 years with short inter‑pregnancy intervals. Effective family planning and antenatal services provided particularly for these categories of potential parturient could help to curb the incidence.

culled from http://www.ajol.info/index.php/njcp/article/view/89093/78652

The Development of Academic Journals in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kano State, Nigeria

The Development of Academic Journals in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kano State, Nigeria

Ahmed Mohammed
Department of Library and Information Sciences
Bayero University
Kano, Nigeria


Academic journals are a major medium through which research findings are published. Through publication in such journals, researchers communicate their methodologies and findings. The modern process of scholarly communication relies heavily on books, monographs, and conference proceedings, but most commonly on academic journals (Oluronsola 2001). The journal is fundamental to scholarly communication. In addition, the status conferred by publication in highly-rated journals is essential to the career of academics. Journals have remained essentially unchanged in form and function since their beginning. Science as we know it is scarcely imaginable without the scholarly journal. It is of immense important to note that, through journal, researchers and academics access important information about recent developments in their field. Studies by Olurunsola and Opaleke (1997) reveal the importance of publishing in scholarly journals for promotion and tenure. The primary function of academic journal is to report on original research, making it available to the rest of the scholars within the discipline, many are published by professional associations or universities.

The Concept and History of Academic Journals

Koepf (2001) describes journals as having a "serious look." Articles are written by scholars within specific disciplines, the language used is specific to the discipline covered. It assumes some knowledge on the part of the reader. Kronick (1976) maintains that a journal is usually addressed more limited audience than a newspaper does and is not as firmly bound to events of the day. Milne (1999) defines scholarly communication as "the social phenomenon whereby intellectual and creative activity is passed from one scholar to another." This can be formal or informal. Formal communication usually involves journal articles. According to Yahaya (1993), a journal refers to those periodicals created by any of the following:
  • A constituted body: an educational institution, ministry, board, bureau, council, commission, library, center, academy, division, or department.
  • A specialized group: scientists, historians, educators, economists, archaeologists, linguists, folklorists, medical doctors
  • An interest group: student associations, religious group, trade union.

Experience of Diasporic Nigerians watching Nollywood Films - ADEKUNLE DETOKUNBO-BELLO

Experience of Diasporic Nigerians watching Nollywood Films
By ADEKUNLE DETOKUNBO-BELLO (London South Bank University, London)

Cultural memory occupies an integral part of the diasporic community’s collective media activity in the 21st Century. It is observed that members of these groups demonstrate compassion and pride each time they individually or commonly experienced viewing their traditional films on television, video or at the cinema.
Academic attention has shifted rapidly towards Audience/Reception studies on this area of narratives and cultural forms as a result of this phenomenological development. A prominent example of this is Marie Gillespie (2000) study on how television and video are being used to re-create cultural traditions within the South Asian Diaspora in Southall, London. However, the popularity of ‘Nollywood’ video films – Nigerian Film Industry – amongst diasporic Nigerian- Londoners encouraged the researcher of this paper to develop a fresh investigation on: Why this new cultural narrative genre becomes so famous in London?
What sense does the Nigerian community in London make of these movies? How do they experience the video films? Focus group and interviewing methods serve as instruments for collecting data which involved five different groups of twenty two participants. The empirical research lasted for thirty days. The study purposely focused on Yoruba- Nigerians who are based in South East London being the primary target audience of the researcher. Some of the major outcome of the study as suggested by the participants indicate that the experience of watching these films remind them of ‘home’ and also give them sense of belonging. For instance, someone said, “when I watch them, they make me feel at home”, and another one said “the hairstyles of the actresses, dressing styles and the traditional costumes are great”, and one particularly said “I enjoy the incantations and verbal expressions”. The outcome of the study reflects the existence of cultural influence in the lives of migrants community wherever they find themselves away from their original homeland, if only a way of relieving nostalgic feelings.

culled from http://www2.lse.ac.uk/media@lse/events/MeCCSA/pdf/papers/Detokunbo-Bello,%20Experience%20of%20Diasporic%20Nigerians-new%20year%20day.pdf

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